"U.S. gives too much foreign aid to Israel" say
6 in 10
Americans (60.7 percent) believe the United States gives "much too much"
or "too much" foreign aid to Israel according to the survey report
American Public Opinion
on U.S. Aid to Israel
(PDF) released today by the Institute for Research: Middle Eastern
percent of Americans say Israel receives "much too much" U.S.
foreign aid, while 26.8 percent feel it is "too much."
The U.S. gives Israel over $3 billion annually—9 percent of the
foreign aid budget and more than any other country. Only 25.9
percent believe aid is "about right" while 6.1 percent think aid is
"too little" and 7.3 percent say it is "much too little."
Since 1970 U.S. foreign aid to Israel has grown on
average 30 percent per year.
Americans are most skeptical about U.S. aid to Israel.
Almost 65 percent of adults under the age of 34 said
such aid is excessive.
the wealthiest Americans (earning $150k and above) believe aid is
"about right" at 47.6 percent.
However 42.9 percent within the same income category think aid is
"too much" while only 9.5 percent think it is "too little."
Americans (63.9 percent) believe Israel has an arsenal of nuclear
belief may make them resent costly demands to buy weapons to
maintain Israel's so-called "qualitative military edge" since Israel
has long possessed the ultimate military deterrent.
A majority of Americans (58.5 percent) mistakenly
believe that Iran also has nuclear weapons.
No western government or intelligence agency claims
Iran has built a weapon. However a sustained campaign by anti-Iran
groups in the U.S. and news media failures have apparently led most
Americans to believe an Iranian bomb already exists.
Download full report
Report news release
Analysis at Antiwar.com: Why does IRmep survey contradict other foreign
Radio Interview: "Push" Poll or Necessarily Detailed Survey Question?:
DOJ demands immunity for Anti-Iran Group UANI
precedent place Israel lobby organizations above the law?
U.S. Department of Justice asked a federal judge on Friday to throw out
a lawsuit against the American Coalition Against Nuclear Iran, Inc.
More popularly known as United Against a Nuclear Iran (UANI), Greek
shipping magnate Victor Restis
sued UANI last year claiming the group's false public allegations he
aided Iran's nuclear program had cost him billions in lost revenue.
Mystery surrounds precisely how the U.S. Department of Justice decided
to become involved in the civil suit. Clues may be found in its
most court recent filing (PDF) demanding the lawsuit be shut down.
On February 14, 2014 "the
Government informed the Court that the United States
wished to have an opportunity to determine whether the Government had an
interest in this action." According to
the court docket (PDF) through that time UANI was losing a series of
key battles to dismiss the Restis lawsuit and evade standard discovery
motions that would have revealed its secret sources of funding and
clandestine operations to obtain sensitive information. It is likely
UANI called in the government to help get the case dismissed.
UANI clearly has a lot to hide. Its board of advisors
includes the former head of a country's foreign intelligence services in
the top tier targeting the United States for economic and military
secrets— Israeli Mossad's former General Director Meir Dagan. The
has premium office space in Rockefeller Center in New York. With a
budget of only $1.8 million per year, UANI somehow manages to target
timely satellite imaging while intercepting internal corporate
communications it uses to launch private and public shakedowns of
corporations it claims are not sufficiently adhering to the
Israel-lobby driven Iran boycott. UANI resembles yet another in a
long line of thinly-veiled Israeli cover entities than a bona fide
U.S. Suspected Israeli Involvement in 1960s Missing Uranium
Used Materials Lifted From Pennsylvania Toward a Weapons Program
...The evidence suggested
that "something did transpire," said Zbigniew Brzezinski, Mr. Carter's
national-security adviser, in a recent interview. "But until you have
conclusive evidence you don't want to make an international incident.
This is a potentially very explosive, controversial issue." Besides, he
added, even if a theft was proved, "What are we going to say to the
Israelis, 'Give it back?' "
Israel hasn't ever said whether it has nuclear weapons. A spokeswoman
for the Israeli Embassy in Washington, D.C., declined to comment for
So did a spokeswoman for the Obama administration, which like past U.S.
administrations has declined to say whether it believes Israel has an
atomic arsenal. A CIA spokesman also declined to comment.
Mr. Carter, who said at a 2008 gathering in Britain that he believes
Israel has nuclear weapons, declined through a spokeswoman to be
His diplomatic efforts as president, which helped produce a peace treaty
between Israel and Egypt in 1979, likely wouldn't have been possible "if
there was some huge scandal at the time about this," said John Marcum,
the staffer who wrote the July 28, 1977, memo, in a recent interview.
The theft suspicions surround events at a now-dismantled facility in
Apollo, Pa., owned by a company called Nuclear Materials & Equipment
Corp., or Numec. In the mid-1960s, some 200 pounds of bomb-grade
uranium--enough possibly for several Hiroshima-sized bombs--couldn't be
accounted for there....
Potentially crucial sections of the recently released
documents--obtained by the Institute for Research: Middle Eastern
Policy, an organization that has been critical of Israel--remain
Is nonprofit "United
Against Nuclear Iran" a Mossad front?
Greek shipping magnate's lawsuit
could answer question, but
is blocked by the Justice Department
...UANI's charges that
Restis is a "front-man" for Iran are thinly
based on UANI's
possession of a proposal letter
for Restis to meet Iranian officials in Greece and a second "consultancy engagement agreement letter." UANI has refused to
publicly release to the public either of the two letters which Restis
claims are crude forgeries. On July 3, 2013 lawyers for Restis issued
their own "cease and desist" letter to UANI managers
which triggered more UANI
accusations and adverse publicity, scuttling a
planned initial public offering and other large business deals.
has received many death threats as a result of UANI's unrelenting
campaign, being called "an evil, greasy, greedy bastard," a "Greek
fuck," "animal," "crook" and "Christian pig." Restis is Jewish
and claims he supports Israel and is opposed to Iran ever developing
nuclear weapons. Visitor comments on UANI's
Facebook page urge "hang him," "just shoot him" and
"lock and load torpedoes." Mr. Restis was approached by
Rami Ungar, an Israeli
shipping executive with no visible
public connection to UANI according to court filings. Restis
claims Ungar was a fixer who mysteriously knew
all the details about the
UANI situation. Ungar claimed that on behalf of the group’s
supporters he was “authorized to try to resolve the issues.”
Restis is having none of it. In an April
letter to the presiding judge, the Restis
legal team claimed they uncovered information that
UANI “is being funded by foreign interests”
like Ungar, were presumably also from Israel. Restis filed court
documents to compel not only Rami Ungar's sworn
testimony but also that of UANI advisor Meir Dagan, the Israeli former Mossad intelligence chief. Restis claims it
was Mossad that served as the conduit between the source and UANI... More
What is the Israel Lobby?
If Israel were really a U.S. strategic asset, would 200
nonprofits have to spend $1.4 billion per year to convince Americans?
What are the major activities of Israel
What is the return on
investment for every dollar spent? Is there a clear division of labor? Is the lobby
monolithic, a loose network or some kind of matrix? Which branches are
in charge of propaganda and spin? Does only the American Israel Public
Affairs Committee (AIPAC) lobby Congress?
Which nonprofits are in charge
of leadership development and junkets to Israel? How much influence do
Christian Zionist organizations really have? Does the $1.4 billion
figure include Christian Evangelical churches and synagogues? What
priorities and campaigns are revealed in year-to-year revenue
fluctuations? What sort of criminal activities have lobbying
organizations engaged in, and why?
Listen and find out on the
Scott Horton Show. Audio
Death of the Masked Men
CIA's John Hadden ignored as Israeli spy Avraham Bendor celebrated
eventually came to be hated by the Mossad and
Israeli intelligence services targeting the United
States – a feeling that was mutual. He even went
public with the CIA’s findings that Israel had
stolen large amounts of weapons-grade uranium from a
US Navy contracting company called NUMEC run by
Israel sympathizers in Apollo, Pennsylvania.
public statements helped fan public and
congressional interest in finding out what happened
at NUMEC and punishing the perpetrators.
Insultingly, Hadden even compared spymaster Rafi
Eitan’s 1960 exploit kidnapping Nazi war criminal
Adolph Eichmann from the streets of Buenos Aires
with the later and much easier work of looting an
under-capitalized smuggling front under the obliging
eye of its owner.
imagine to yourself how much easier it would be to
remove a pound or two of this or that at any one
time, as opposed to – which is inert material – as
opposed to removing all at one blow. One hundred
fifty pounds of shouting and kicking Eichmann. You
see, they [the Israelis] are pretty good at removing
Hadden unequivocally claimed that NUMEC was "an
Israeli operation from the beginning." The Israelis
in Hadden’s view were an unreliable source of US
intelligence, and too often spurred to violence.
“The Israelis, of course, are a special case,
because they’re so small – and they’re at war all
the time – they can go out and murder people and do
all kinds of things that we can’t do. They get a lot
done. Of course, Israeli intelligence is our main
source of intelligence. Unexamined, and that’s
Israel’s First US Espionage and Smuggling Network
Newly declassified Navy intelligence reports foreshadowed future
declassified postwar Naval Intelligence files shine new light on a
little-known chapter of U.S.-Israel relations. Massive supplies of
American WWII military surplus under liquidation by the War Assets
Administration were an irresistible target for Israel’s
government-in-waiting the Jewish Agency and nascent military the Haganah
in the years immediately preceding Israel’s declaration of statehood in
1948. The Jewish Agency was an organization contemplated as a vital
actor for achieving that statehood in Theodore Herzl’s original Zionist
vision. Explosives, advanced fighter, bomber and transport aircraft, and
Jewish veterans culled from a list stolen from the U.S. Chaplain all
entered a Jewish Agency pipeline stretching from the US to Mexico,
Panama, Italy and Czechoslovakia to Palestine. The stories these newly
declassified files tell not only foreshadow the institutionalized
immunity of crimes committed in the name of Israel, but major challenges
the US would later have to confront beyond displaced Palestinian
refugees and simmering conflict – ongoing money laundering into US
politics and Israel’s early desire to build nuclear weapons.
three proven tactics to
Money, rushed state visits and accusations of
anti-Semitism may not be enough to save proposed visa waivers
Newsweek reporter Jeff Stein's "double-tap" exposé of Israeli
espionage in the United States has put Israel and its American lobby on
red alert. Stein's initial salvo "Israel
Won't Stop Spying on the U.S." generated
howls of outrage over veteran CIA analyst
Paul Pillar's accurate assessment that Zionists had been sending spies to
U.S. resources and weapons even
before the state was founded. Pressed for details, Stein's
second piece "Israel's
Aggressive Spying in the US Mostly Hushed Up" exposed a bumbling
Israeli spy's unsuccessful attempt
to enter Al Gore's hotel room through an air duct.
According to Stein, the dwindling number of U.S.
criminal prosecutions is because the FBI has been directed
by the Justice Department to privately chastise, but not expose, Israel's spy
networks. The most recent criminal espionage prosecution, that of
former NASA official Stewart Nozette,
carefully sealed off his handlers at
Israel Aerospace Industries from any consequences. Nozette had received
$225,000 and admitted to passing secrets to Israel, but rather than go
after his paymasters, the FBI set up an elaborate sting operation.
According to Stein, other American
counterintelligence officials felt instant push-back whenever they tried to warn
U.S. elected officials about Israeli espionage.
The new spying allegations come at an
inconvenient time since Israel and
its U.S. lobby have been ramping up efforts to obtain visa-free
Israeli entry to the United States. Israel's
poor record of visa
overstays, thousands of young people entering under tourist visas to work in the U.S.
and the growing espionage flap appear to make
Israel unlikely to enter the visa waiver
program any time soon. But three strategies have proven extremely
successful in the past for dampening fallout. Flood
American influencers with cash, send in
Israeli government officials to quietly lobby key
policymakers and charge opponents
The Beginnings of Israel's Nuclear Program and Why it Matters Today
the fact that there is a large pro-Israeli lobby in the United States —
which would make it politically dangerous to talk about condemnation of
Israel, particularly in states with a large evangelical Christian base —
pushing aside allegations of theft and espionage would further weaken
the United States’ international credibility, according to many.
“[If] President Obama releases Pollard, it should be preceded by the
belated return of the massive trove of classified documents he stole for
Israel as well as all purloined nuclear materials and technologies,”
said Grant Smith, the director of the Institute for Research: Middle
Finally, realizations that this theft has been covered up and denied by
the federal government for fifty years belies any allusions to
transparency in the federal government.
Stolen Nuclear Materials: Why it Still Matters
W. [F.] Smith, Director of the Institute for
Research: Middle Eastern Policy (IRmep) followed up Gilinsky and
Matson’s 2011 disclosures with a report based on documents obtained
under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and other documentary
evidence including corporate filings, office diaries and unguarded
interviews. The report was published in January 2012 as a book titled, Divert!
NUMEC, Zalman Shapiro and the diversion of US weapons grade uranium into
the Israeli nuclear weapons Program. According
to Smith, former
CIA Tel Aviv station chief John Hadden claimed that NUMEC was “an
Israeli operation from the beginning.”
Did Israel steal bomb-grade uranium from the United States?
month the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP), the
nation’s highest classification authority, released a number of
top-level government memoranda that shed additional light on the
so-called NUMEC affair, "the story that won't go away—the possibility
that in the 1960s, Israel stole bomb-grade uranium from a US nuclear
available for our
Bulletin article persuaded us that Israel did steal uranium from the
Apollo, Pennsylvania, plant of the Nuclear Materials and Equipment
Corporation (NUMEC). We urged the US government to declassify CIA and
FBI documents to settle the matter. In releasing the current batch—the
release being largely due to the
persistent appeals of researcher Grant Smith—the government has been
careful to excise from all the released documents the CIA’s reasons for
fingering Israel. Despite this, the documents are significantly
revealing. For one thing, the excisions themselves are a backhanded
admission of the persuasiveness of the CIA’s evidence. (Why these
excisions are legally justified is not apparent—after nearly 50 years,
the “sources and methods” issues have long ago dissipated.)
Will the U.S. Also Deny Visas to Israel's Spies?
The new policy to block visas for U.N. Ambassadors who engaged in
Israel Public Affairs Committee is celebrating President Barack Obama’s
decision to deny a visa to Iran’s ambassador to the United Nations.
AIPAC declared “The very fact that Iranian leaders would even select
such a person to represent them at the United Nations underscores the
importance of maintaining vigilance against the duplicitous behavior of
this regime – particularly in regard to its nuclear program.” Iran’s UN
ambassador nominee, Hamid Abutalebi, has been accused of playing a role
in the 1979 takeover of the U.S. embassy in Tehran. Rushed legislation
crafted and promoted by Israel’s supporters to block Abutalebi easily
passed the House and Senate and await the president’s signature. Until
now, the United States has automatically granted visas to heads of state
and diplomats from around the world to conduct business at the UN
headquarters in New York City. That the new policy is yet another
targeted measure to derail current negotiations over the Iranian nuclear
program is obvious in how the US treats Israeli diplomats and citizens
engaged in nuclear-weapons-related espionage against America.
If President Obama signs the Cruz legislation into law, it would allow
him to block Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu from ever
addressing the United Nations again...More
Secrets about Israeli theft of U.S. weapons-grade nuclear material
declassified - IRmep
March 27, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- On March
18, 2014 ISCAP, the highest declassification authority in the U.S.,
of formerly secret information about investigations into the illegal
diversion of weapons-grade nuclear material from a Pennsylvania plant
into the clandestine Israeli nuclear weapons program. Files now
available to the public from IRmep's ISCAP process include:
4/2/1968 Letter from the Director of the CIA alerting the Attorney
General (PDF) about a huge loss of
material from Pennsylvania's Nuclear Materials and Equipment Corporation
(NUMEC). "It is critical for us to establish whether or not the Israelis
now have the capability for fabricating nuclear weapons which might be
employed in the Near East."
memorandum (PDF) "On the basis of
the foregoing it must be assumed for the purpose of U.S. national
security that diversion of special nuclear materials to Israel by Dr. [Zalman]
Shapiro and his [NUMEC] associates is a distinct possibility."
Notes of a briefing from CIA's Associate Deputy Director for Operations
Theodore Shackley to the Carter administration National Security Council (PDF)
"I also asked Shackley to get us a rundown on the political aspects#e.g.
when were the President and Congressional officials briefed on the
Israeli weapons program, on the NUMEC connection, and what were their
reactions. In December, Carter was briefed on the NUMEC problem as
President-elect by Bush in Georgia...I do not think the President has
plausible deniability. The CIA case is persuasive..."
08/02/1977 Memo to Carter from Zbigniew
Brzezinski (PDF) "So far as we know however, (and we have
made serious effort to discover it) there is nothing to indicate active
CIA participation in the alleged theft...There is a tremendous amount of
interest in this issue in Congress...We face tough sledding in the next
few weeks in trying to keep attention focused on ERDA's technical
[overall U.S. nuclear material loss] arguments..on the FBI
investigations, and away from the CIA's information."
All released CIA evidence and
former Tel Aviv Station Chief John Hadden suggest the severely undercapitalized
NUMEC was "an Israeli [smuggling] operation from the beginning."
Multiple health-related lawsuits have been filed targeting companies
that later assumed NUMEC ownership. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
currently estimates its toxic cleanup of NUMEC will cost $500 million.
No damage claims have yet been filed against the Israeli government.
FBI investigates Israel Bond
sellers as unregistered foreign agents - Israel Lobby Archive
Founders of the
U.S.-based sales corporation for Israel bonds included the unindicted
ringleader of the Sonneborn network of conventional arms smuggling
fronts, Rudolph Sonneborn, and the North America financier for Israel's
clandestine nuclear weapons program Abraham Feinberg, along with former
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau Jr.. Morgenthau's role in
conventional and nuclear smuggling for Israel is alleged, but
unconfirmed since the FBI has censored nearly every page of his lengthy
The FBI kept a close watch on the "American Financial and Development
Corporation for Israel" (AFDCI, incorporated in 1950) to determine
whether it was acting as an unregistered agent of the Israeli
On June 27, 1951, the FBI chartered an investigation to discover
"connection between subject corporation and the Government of Israel,
the extent to which the corporation is subsidized directly or indirectly
by the Government of Israel, and extent to which the Government of
Israel in any way exercises control of the policies or operations of the
After one FBI inquiry, the Chief of Foreign Agent Registration at DOJ
(who later enforced the registration order against AIPAC's parent, the
American Zionist Council) determined that "Bonds for Israel" was
"entitled to 'Commercial Exemption' under the Registration Act for the
reason that funds raised by this organization are to be used for
economic purposes..." [Nathan] Lenvin "pointed out that Israeli
Government representatives and military personnel who tour the U.S. for
'Bonds for Israel' would be required to register with the Justice Dept.
if their talks and speeches include any political propaganda. He added
that, in his opinion, it would seem most difficult for these speakers
not to interject some political propaganda in their speeches."
FBI ordered that confidential informants be developed within the sales
network and that public source material be collected to determine
whether "'Bonds for Israel' have been engaged in activities requiring
their registration under the Registration Act."
On November 13, a 1956 FBI bulletin, copied to NSA and CIA, reported
that a secret November 9, 1956 Development Corporation for Israel
(successor to AFDCI) meeting took place over concerns that Israeli funds
would be frozen over Israel's attack on Egypt.
However, U.S. presidents never used their leverage on ballooning Israeli
bond sales across the United States to pressure Israel to comply with
international law. Although bond sales have expanded to over a billion
dollars a year (2013) as Israel's supporters enact laws to efficiently
place them in a wide variety of state government holdings, the record
reveals that the Justice Department has never engaged in a serious
review of compliance with the Foreign Agents Registration Act.
The National Summit to Reassess the U.S.-Israel "Special Relationship" -
Video, audio and segment
transcripts at http:NATSummit.org
Admitted Spy Shows up for Oscars—and Wins
FBI spokeswoman in Los Angeles would not tell
Under the Radar if the bureau planned to interview Milchan or DeNiro
in connection with what they said in the Israeli interview.
“As a matter of policy, the FBI neither confirms nor denies
investigations. I am unaware of any public information relative to this
matter,” she said.
Grant Smith, author of
Divert, about the decades-long Israeli operation to funnel U.S.
nuclear secrets, uranium and parts to Israel, was not surprised that
Milchan was “unconcerned and on stage” at the Oscars. Smith said Milchan
has dodged prosecution for more than 30 years, even as a colleague in
the smuggling of nuclear triggers, Richard Kelley Smyth, ultimately was
arrested and jailed.
What has made Milchan untouchable, according to Smith, is his
connections. These include long time associations with Israeli leaders
including Shimon Peres and current Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu,
who worked at Heli Trading, a Milchan front company used for smuggling,
according to Smith, who cites Justice Department documents that he
the Freedom of Information Act.
During the interview with Israel’s Channel 2, Milchan acknowledged being
an arms dealer and that he also used his international connections to
advocate for the apartheid government of South Africa in exchange for
the regime helping Israel procure uranium.
National Summit to Reassess the U.S.-Israel "Special Relationship" in Washington
on March 7
WASHINGTON, Feb. 10, 2014
/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ The March 7 National Summit to Reassess the U.S.-Israel
"Special Relationship" at the National Press Club will present the following
Former Congressman Paul
Findley is the author of the groundbreaking book They Dare to Speak out:
People and Institutions Confront Israel's Lobby. Findley will discuss how the
lobby shapes important U.S. foreign policies and influences elections.
Stephen Walt, co-author of The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy, will
deliver an update on what his groundbreaking 2007 book left out.
Historian Geoffrey Wawro
will describe surprising findings from his 2010 book Quicksand: America's
Pursuit of Power in the Middle East, and how its publication impacted his
Lieutenant Colonel Karen U.
Kwiatkowski will deliver an insider account about the pre-Iraq invasion
environment inside the Pentagon's Office of Special Plans. Kwiatkowski will
compare similarities and differences with the current neoconservative and Israel
lobby drives to attack Syria and Iran.
Brigadier General James J.
David will review how "super-sized" U.S. military aid to Israel affects
American allies. Former intelligence officers Philip Giraldi, Raymond McGovern,
Paul Pillar and Michael Scheuer will provide their insights about how Israel and
its lobby influence America's national security and global standing.
02/03/2014 IRmep on C-SPAN
United States "Lousy" at Keeping
Nuclear Weapons Tech and Material from Israel
IRmep Director Grant F.
Smith questions former Nuclear Security Administration official about
NUMEC, Arnon Milchan, Telegy smuggling oscillators as examples that the
United States does not adequately protect facilities from Israeli
National Summit to Reassess the U.S.-Israel "Special Relationship"
on March 7 in Washington
Jan. 15, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ America's first National Summit to
Reassess the U.S.-Israel "Special Relationship" will be held in the
ballroom of the
National Press Club on March 7 in Washington, DC.
U.S. financial, military, and diplomatic
support for Israel has grown significantly and steadily throughout the
past 60 years and now dwarfs annual American foreign assistance to all
other nations. Research indicates the U.S.-Israel "special relationship"
is a major factor in foreign hostility towards Americans. Some experts
suggest that Israel has been central to U.S. wars in the Middle East.
However, the huge public backlash against
Israel lobby-generated momentum for U.S. attacks on Syria and Iran
indicates that Americans are concerned about the direction of U.S.
foreign policy, how it is made, and those trying to make it. This
historic summit will provide an in-depth, multifaceted inquiry into this
critical subject matter. Panelists will include former military and
diplomatic personnel, intelligence officers, scholars, economists,
researchers and a variety of other subject-matter experts and authors
often shut out of key discussions in public forums and news media
outlets. Members of the public will be allowed to ask the key questions
and network with other attendees.
Interested members of the public may now
register for an early-bird discount online at EventsNow (link). Members
of the press may request credentials and currently enrolled university
or college students may apply for one of the limited number of
donor-funded free student tickets by completing and submitting this
registration form (PDF link). A complimentary lunch will be provided
during mid-day keynotes and panels.
Former Bank of Israel Governor Stanley Fischer Wrong Choice for Fed
WIRE)--Former Bank of Israel Governor Stanley Fischer is the wrong
choice for vice chair of the U.S. Federal Reserve Board. According to an
IRmep research report:
1. Fischer supports extreme anti-Iran policies that harm the U.S.
economy. During his 2005-2013 stint as governor of Israel's central
bank, Fischer lobbied Europe, Russia, and China to isolate Iran through
measures that went far beyond the sanctions adopted by the U.N. Security
The US Chamber of Commerce, Business Roundtable, Coalition for American
Trade, National Foreign Trade Council and others rejected such
sanctions, provisions they estimated would cost America $25 billion and
210,000 jobs. (PDF) Yet Fischer is on record stating that even sanctions
are no longer enough and appears ready to prepare the U.S. financial
system for war as he did within Israel's central bank. Americans support
2-1 the current agreement to halt added sanctions during negotiations
2. Fischer's fundamental economic aid changes harm U.S. taxpayers.
Fischer was appointed by the Reagan administration to the U.S.-Israel
Joint Economic Discussion Group formed to deal with Israel's 1984-1985
economic crisis. To the detriment of U.S. taxpayers, Fischer helped
permanently transform billions in annual aid packages from repayable
loans to direct taxpayer subsidies that in 1985 amounted to over $1,650
per Israeli. Despite lip service, Fischer has never applied the
austerity measures he became famous for at the IMF to persuade Israel to
obey international law or U.S. demands to vacate occupied territories...
Continue (Year 2013 Research and